Sweden 2050 achievable with renewable energy resources alone
A scenario describing the possible structure of an energy system based on renewable sources in Sweden in 2050 has been developed by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute as part of a research project. The scenario provides an independent basis for the Swedish report entitled
Hållbar energi —100% förnybar energi på naturens villkor (Sustainable energy — 100% renewable energy on nature´s terms)
published by WWF on 27 September 2011
The scenario is based on the Swedish government's vision of a 2050s Sweden with a sustainable and resource-efficient energy supply system free of net emissions of greenhouse gases. This presupposes a number of other conditions: Continued growth; production within Sweden of the resources used by the energy system to enable the country to balance its energy needs; and major attention to the environmental impact of forestry operations, wind power installations and plant operation. To realise this vision, the energy requirements of the industrial, housing and service sectors, as well as transport, must be reduced by a systematic energy efficiency improvement programme. The resultant benefits in terms of lower energy demand must be managed, for example, by replacing less effective technologies by superior ones. The scenario, which is focused on Swedish conditions, highlights the major challenge involved in establishing the conditions for a transport sector that is not reliant on fossil fuels or dependent exclusively on fuel imports: “Our large pulp and paper industry has major potential for contributing to biofuel production through biorefineries. We also know that political goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions are attainable; however, we must begin to visualise changes right now since it will take time to modify our energy system infrastructures and technologies," says Mathias Gustavsson, principal author of the scenario report. Entitled Energy Scenario for Sweden 2050 Based on Renewable Energy Technologies and Sources, the full report can be downloaded here.